A new family of copper ligand-exchange selectors, L- or D-β-amino alcohols, is employed for the chiral separation of D,L-dansyl-amino acids, unmodified amino acid racemates, phenylalanine and tryptophan, and β-blocker L,D-propranolol by SDS-micellar electrokinetic chromatography and by electrophoretic chromatography in a low molecular weight organogel (LMOG)-filled capillary. The LMOG comprised a self-assembled fibrillar gel of trans-(1S,2S)-1,2-bis-(dodecylamido) cyclohexane in methanol. The di-L-valinol-copper complex exhibited the best performance on LMOG-CE compared with all other β-amino alcohol-copper selectors. The dependence of chiral resolution on the pH*, the ratio between the copper and the L-valinol ligand and the concentration of added selector complex in the run buffer were investigated revealing a marked difference between the activity of the copper-valinol and the previously studied copper-valine selector. The optimal separation conditions were achieved using a 2:1 valinol/copper ratio, in accordance with the 2:1 structure of the complex, which was proven by single crystal and powder X-ray diffractions and by elemental analysis. Unlike the copper-valine selectors that could be used only under acidic conditions (pH* 3.5), the copper-valinol selectors could be used under near-neutral conditions and even at pH* 9.1. A comparison between SDS-micellar electrokinetic chromatography and LMOG-CE under otherwise identical conditions revealed a significant superior separation on the LMOG-filled capillaries.
- Capillary zone electrophoresis
- Chiral separation
- Ligand exchange
- Low molecular weight organogels