14-3-3 inhibits the Dictyostelium myosin II heavy-chain, specific protein kinase C activity by a direct interaction: Identification of the 14- 3-3 binding domain

Meirav Matto-Yelin, Alastair Aitken, Shoshana Ravid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myosin II heavy chain (MHC) specific protein kinase C (MHC-PKC), isolated from Dictyostelium discoideum, regulates myosin II assembly and localization in response to the chemoattractant cyclic AMP. Immunoprecipitation of MHC-PKC revealed that it resides as a complex with several proteins. We show herein that one of these proteins is a homologue of the 14-3-3 protein (Dd14-3-3). This protein has recently been implicated in the regulation of intracellular signaling pathways via its interaction with several signaling proteins, such as PKC and Raf-1 kinase. We demonstrate that the mammalian 14-3-3 ζ isoform inhibits the MHC-PKC activity in vitro and that this inhibition is carried out by a direct interaction between the two proteins. Furthermore, we found that the cytosolic MHC-PKC, which is inactive, formed a complex with Dd14-3-3 in the cytosol in a cyclic AMP- dependent manner, whereas the membrane-bound active MHC-PKC was not found in a complex with Dd14-3-3. This suggests that Dd14-3-3 inhibits the MHC-PKC in vivo. We further show that MHC-PKC binds Dd14-3-3 as well as 14-3-3ζ through its C1 domain, and the interaction between these two proteins does not involve a peptide containing phosphoserine as was found for Raf-1 kinase. Our experiments thus show an in vivo function for a member of the 14-3-3 family and demonstrate that MHC-PKC interacts directly with Dd14-3-3 and 14-3-3ζ through its C1 domain both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in the inhibition of the kinase.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1889-1899
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

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