A 4-week randomized controlled trial evaluating plaque and gingivitis effects of an electric toothbrush in a paediatric population

Esti Davidovich, Renzo A. Ccahuana-Vasquez, Julie Grender, Hans Timm, Hila Gonen, Avi Zini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Few extended studies have explored oscillating–rotating (O–R) toothbrush efficacy in young children. Aim: To compare the efficacy between O–R and manual toothbrushes in reducing plaque and gingivitis after 4 weeks in children. Design: This was a randomized, parallel-group, examiner-blind, clinical trial. In two 50-subject cohorts (3–6 years, primary dentition, parental brushing; 7–10 years, mixed dentition, self-brushing), subjects used Oral-B Kids O–R toothbrush per manufacturer's instructions or Paro Junior manual toothbrush in a customary manner. Plaque and Modified Gingival Index (MGI; primary variable) scores were assessed at baseline and Week 4 for all subjects and within each age group. Results: Both toothbrushes significantly reduced whole mouth and posterior plaque and MGI versus baseline (p <.001). Combined groups: O–R showed greater plaque and MGI reductions versus manual for all measures (p ≤.003). Three- to 6-year-olds: O–R demonstrated significantly (p <.032) greater whole-mouth (55.7%) and posterior (34.3%) plaque reductions at Week 4 versus manual. Seven- to 10-year-olds: O–R showed significantly (p <.001) greater whole-mouth (94.5%) and posterior (108.4%) plaque reductions and greater (p ≤.016) whole-mouth (14.1%) and posterior (18.8%) MGI reductions versus manual. There were no adverse events. Conclusion: The O–R toothbrush, used per manufacturer's instructions, reduced plaque and gingivitis better than a manual toothbrush used in a customary manner among children.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Early online date20 Oct 2023
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 20 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Procter & Gamble. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry published by BSPD, IAPD and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • dental plaque
  • electric toothbrush
  • gingivitis
  • paediatrics

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