A common assumption in the literature on mixed-model assembly line balancing is that a task that is common to multiple models must be assigned to a single station. In this paper, we relax this restriction, and allow a common task to be assigned to different stations for different models. We seek to minimize the sum of costs of the stations and the task duplication. We develop an optimal solution procedure based on a backtracking branch-and-bound algorithm and evaluate its performance via a large set of experiments. A branch-and-bound based heuristic is then developed for solving large-scale problems. The heuristic solutions are compared with a lower bound and experiments show that the heuristic provides much better solutions than those obtained by traditional approaches.
- Mixed-model assembly line balancing