A case series of eosinophilic myocarditis: different faces of the same coin

Bethlehem Mengesha, Karen Meir, Alexander Gural, Rabea Asleh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Eosinophilic myocarditis (EM) is a rare form of myocarditis with various aetiologies and dire consequences if not diagnosed and treated expeditiously. Case summary: We report three cases of EM at different stages of the disease with differing clinical manifestations. We highlight the diagnostic workup including the role of multimodality imaging and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB), and the treatment strategies. Discussion: EM is an underdiagnosed and potentially life-threatening disease. Therefore, a high clinical suspicion for EM should arise when patients with signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease develop hypereosinophilia or vice versa. Early identification of this condition using multimodality imaging and EMB is of paramount importance as the disease may progress to the irreversible late fibrotic stage if treatment is delayed.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberytac388
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Case Reports
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.

Keywords

  • Case series
  • Eosinophilic myocarditis
  • Heart failure
  • Hypereosinophilia

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