A high-fat diet has a tissue-specific effect on adiponectin and related enzyme expression

Maayan Barnea, Avi Shamay, Aliza H. Stark, Zecharia Madar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to test whether adiponectin plays a role in diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance and acts as a mediator to induce or inhibit specific metabolic pathways involved in lipid metabolism Research Methods and Procedures: Forty C57BL/6J male mice were fed either a high-fat (HF) or control diet for 4 months, and adiponectin, its receptors, and enzyme expression in liver and muscle tissue were measured. Results: Mice fed the HF diet exhibited significantly greater weight gain, abnormal oral glucose tolerance test curves, and elevated homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (5.3 ± 0.89 vs. 2.8 ± 0.39). A significant reduction of adiponectin RNA expression (51%) and protein levels (15%) was observed in the adipose tissue of HF animals; however, serum adiponectin levels did not differ between groups (7.12 ± 0.34 μg/mL vs. 6.44 ± 0.38 μg/mL). Expression of hepatic mRNA of AdipoRl and AdipoR2 was reduced by 15% and 25%, respectively, in animals fed the HF diet. In contrast, receptor mRNA expression of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 increased by 25% and 30%, respectively, in muscle tissue. No effect was found on hepatic adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase expression; however, a significant reduction of phosphoadenosine monophosphate kinase levels in muscles was observed. Hepatic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase was similar between groups, but in muscles, the inactive form phosphoacetylcoenzyme A carboxylase was significantly reduced (p < 0.05). Discussion: The HF diet led to decreased insulin sensitivity accompanied by impaired activity of adiponectin-related enzymes in skeletal muscles but not in the liver. These results suggest that the HF diet has a tissue-specific effect on adiponectin and associated enzyme expression.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2145-2153
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase
  • Adenosine monophosphate kinase
  • Adiponectin
  • Insulin resistance
  • Mice

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