A fast, ultrasensitive electrochemical sensing platform based on graphitic carbon nitride-electrochemically deposited-poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (g-C3N4-E-PEDOT) composite was constructed by in-situ electropolymerization and applied for the quantitative determination of acetaminophen (AP). E-PEDOT was introduced as the conducting matrix for developing g-C3N4 composite to complement the poor conductivity disadvantage of g-C3N4. The strong affinity and synergetic effect between g-C3N4 and E-PEDOT, which were analyzed by PM6 computational calculation, highly improved the electron transfer property and remarkably enhanced the electrochemical catalytic activity of the composite. The g-C3N4-E-PEDOT modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) demonstrated better electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of AP than bare, g-C3N4 and E-PEDOT modified ones. Under the optimized conditions, the oxidation peak currents at the g-C3N4-E-PEDOT/GCE increased linearly in the concentration range of AP from 0.01 to 2 μM and 2–100 μM, and an ultra-low limit of detection (LOD) of 34.28 nM was obtained (S/N = 3). In addition, the g-C3N4-E-PEDOT/GCE was successfully applied for the AP determination in the clinical human serum, and also exhibited excellent selectivity, reproducibility and stability. Except the novel AP determination approach, moreover, this work provided a new electrochemical application angle of graphitic carbon nitride theoretically as well as experimentally.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21576138 , 51572127 ), China-Israel Cooperative Program ( 2016YFE0129900 ), Program for NCET-12-0629, Ph.D. Program Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No. 20133219110018 ), Six Major Talent Summit ( XNY-011 ), and PAPD of Jiangsu Province , and the program for Science and Technology Innovative Research Team in Universities of Jiangsu Province, China.
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
- Electrochemical sensors
- Graphitic carbon nitride