A model of persistent breaking of continuous symmetry

Noam Chai, Anatoly Dymarsky, Mikhail Goykhman, Ritam Sinha, Michael Smolkin

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We consider a UV-complete field-theoretic model in general dimensions, including d = 2 + 1, which consists of two copies of the long-range vector models, with O(m) and O(N − m) global symmetry groups, perturbed by double-trace operators. Using conformal perturbation theory we find weakly-coupled IR fixed points for N ≥ 6 that reveal a spontaneous breaking of global symmetry. Namely, at finite temperature the lower rank group is broken, with the pattern persisting at all temperatures due to scale-invariance. We provide evidence that the models in question are unitary and invariant under full conformal symmetry. Furthermore, we show that this model exhibits a continuous family of weakly interacting field theories at finite N.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberA8
JournalSciPost Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022

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