A mutation in the nucleoporin-107 gene causes XX gonadal dysgenesis

Ariella Weinberg-Shukron, Paul Renbaum, Rachel Kalifa, Sharon Zeligson, Ziva Ben-Neriah, Amatzia Dreifuss, Amal Abu-Rayyan, Noa Maatuk, Nilly Fardian, Dina Rekler, Moien Kanaan, Abraham O. Samson, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Offer Gerlitz, David Zangen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian development and maintenance are poorly understood; however, diseases that affect these processes can offer insights into the underlying mechanisms. XX female gonadal dysgenesis (XX-GD) is a rare, genetically heterogeneous disorder that is characterized by underdeveloped, dysfunctional ovaries, with subsequent lack of spontaneous pubertal development, primary amenorrhea, uterine hypoplasia, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. Here, we report an extended consanguineous family of Palestinian origin, in which 4 females exhibited XX-GD. Using homozygosity mapping and whole-exome sequencing, we identified a recessive missense mutation in nucleoporin-107 (NUP107, c.1339G>A, p.D447N). This mutation segregated with the XX-GD phenotype and was not present in available databases or in 150 healthy ethnically matched controls. NUP107 is a component of the nuclear pore complex, and the NUP107-associated protein SEH1 is required for oogenesis in Drosophila. In Drosophila, Nup107 knockdown in somatic gonadal cells resulted in female sterility, whereas males were fully fertile. Transgenic rescue of Drosophila females bearing the Nup107D364N mutation, which corresponds to the human NUP107 (p.D447N), resulted in almost complete sterility, with a marked reduction in progeny, morphologically aberrant eggshells, and disintegrating egg chambers, indicating defective oogenesis. These results indicate a pivotal role for NUP107 in ovarian development and suggest that nucleoporin defects may play a role in milder and more common conditions such as premature ovarian failure.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4295-4304
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume125
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2015

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