What are the reasons for the prevalence of political violence in Israel Is it a matter of a number of disenfranchised groups that feel they have been subject to deprivation and driven to violence? Has the slackening of trust in state institutions led citizens to act in such a flagrant manner to further their goals? Or are these events fueled by more than one source? The proposed model in effect demonstrates that the sanctioning of political violence among Arabs and religious Jews is a function of feelings of deprivation and the delegitimation of political institutions. Therefore, the conclusion can be drawn that our theoretical framework with respect to both the relationship between relative deprivation and political violence, as well as the relationship between delegitimation and violence, was empirically confirmed at least in every aspect pertaining to attitudes. In conclusion, it can be argued that ethnic or religious variables alone are not enough to explain the sanctioning of political violence. A specific nationality or belief in a religious faith does not a priori enhance a person's potential for political violence. The decisive factors in the explanation of the endorsement of political violence are the mediating variables. Feelings of deprivation among peripheral groups or their inability to identify with the institutions representing the state's social and political center are factors that reinforce the propensity to support violence.
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|Published - 2000