A solution framework for the multi-mode resource-constrained cross-dock scheduling problem

Dror Hermel*, Hamed Hasheminia, Nicole Adler, Michael J. Fry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In this paper we propose a framework for shift-level container scheduling and resource allocation decisions at a cross-dock facility. The Multi-Mode Resource-Constrained Cross-Dock Scheduling Problem (MRCDSP) approach minimizes material flow and schedules inbound and outbound containers to dock-doors such that the total processing time is minimized subject to the resource constraints at the cross-dock. While container scheduling and resource allocation problems at cross-dock facilities have been studied previously in isolation, our work is the first to consider a complete view of cross-dock operations providing optimal container to dock-door allocation, and a makespan minimizing schedule of containers to the cross-dock. We present a comprehensive framework that includes identification of container clusters to reduce the problem size, a container-to-dock-door assignment algorithm, and a container clusters scheduling model that is solvable for practically sized problems. In a comparative numeric study based on data simulating a cross-dock facility, our approach is shown to outperform current practice, reducing the average time required for processing a set of containers by 37% and reducing the weighted-distance material traveled within the cross-dock by 45%.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalOmega (United Kingdom)
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Cross-dock
  • Dock-door assignment
  • Facility logistics
  • Resource allocation
  • Scheduling


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