A soybean vegetative storage protein accumulates to high levels in various organs of transgenic tobacco plants

Dana Guenoune, Rachel Amir, Bruria Ben-Dor, Shmuel Wolf, Shmuel Galili*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soybean vegetative storage proteins (S-VSPs) are a group of high-lysine proteins. These proteins can accumulate up to 15% of the soluble leaf proteins in young shoots, as well as in shoots of depodded mature plants. Closely related proteins are found in forage crops, such as alfalfa. We have expressed the S-VSPα gene, fused to the strong constitutive cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter, in transgenic tobacco as a model plant to study the potential of producing high levels of S-VSPs for the nutritional improvement of forage crops. S-VSPα was detected in the soluble (albumin) fraction of the transgenic plants. The transgenic protein migrated in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis similarly to the natural S-VSPα of soybean, suggesting that it was correctly processed in tobacco and accumulated in the vacuoles. The S-VSPα ranged between 2 and 6% of the soluble proteins in leaves of the transgenic plants and was present in various organs and in mature leaves. Our results suggest that S-VSPs can serve as an excellent protein source for improving the nutritional quality of crop plants, particularly cereal forage and grains, which contain limiting levels of lysine.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Science
Volume145
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Improved quality
  • Overexpression
  • Soybean
  • Tobacco
  • Transgenic plants
  • Vegetative storage proteins

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