A Statewide Study of School-Based Victimization, Discriminatory Bullying, and Weapon Victimization by Student Homelessness Status

Hadass Moore, Ron Avi Astor, Rami Benbenishty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Youths who experience homelessness are at high risk of victimization, yet little is known about school violence in the context of students experiencing homelessness. Specifically, limited research has considered different subgroups of students experiencing homelessness according to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (nonsheltered, sheltered, doubled up) in comparison with nonhomeless students. Using a representative sample ofCalifornia public high school students (N = 390,028), authors applied bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine differences among nonsheltered, sheltered, and doubled-up students experiencing homelessness regarding levels of discriminatory bullying, behavioral victimization, and weapon victimization at school. Findings show that students experiencing homelessness across all subgroups are at high risk of experiencing school violence. The severity of findings and differences among subgroups emphasize the need to develop school-based responses for each subgroup. Providers serving youths experiencing homelessness are encouraged to consider schools as a site for prevention and intervention for this population.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)181-194
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Work Research
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 National Association of Social Workers.

Keywords

  • homeless youths
  • school safety
  • school violence
  • weapon involvement

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