A survey of out-of-pocket expenditures for children with autism spectrum disorder in Israel

Raanan Raz*, Liat Lerner-Geva, Odelia Leon, Gabriel Chodick, Lidia V. Gabis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a survey of children with ASD aged 4-10 years. The main dependent variables were out-of-pocket expenditures for health services and hours of therapy. Multivariable logistic regression models were used in order to find independent predictors for service utilization. Parents of 178 of the children (87 %) agreed to participate. The average annual out-of-pocket cost was $8,288, with a median of $4,473 and a range of $0-89,754. Higher severity of ASD and a parent with an academic degree were associated with higher expenditure. Having at least one older sibling, siblings without developmental disorders, regular education setting, lower parent education and low income were associated with lower expenditure.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2295-2302
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume43
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments The study was funded by the Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research (NIHP).

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Health services
  • Out-of-pocket costs
  • Pervasive developmental disorders

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