A Vision of 6th Generation of Fixed Networks (F6G): Challenges and Proposed Directions

Dimitris Uzunidis, Konstantinos Moschopoulos, Charalampos Papapavlou, Konstantinos Paximadis, Dan M. Marom, Moshe Nazarathy, Raul Muñoz, Ioannis Tomkos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Humankind has entered a new era wherein a main characteristic is the convergence of various technologies providing services and exerting a major impact upon all aspects of human activity, be it social interactions with the natural environment. Fixed networks are about to play a major role in this convergence, since they form, along with mobile networks, the backbone that provides access to a broad gamut of services, accessible from any point of the globe. It is for this reason that we introduce a forward-looking approach for fixed networks, particularly focused on Fixed 6th Generation (F6G) networks. First, we adopt a novel classification scheme for the main F6G services, comprising six categories. This classification is based on the key service requirements, namely latency, capacity, and connectivity. F6G networks differ from those of previous generations (F1G–F5G) in that they concurrently support multiple key requirements. We then propose concrete steps towards transforming the main elements of fixed networks, such as optical transceivers, optical switches, etc., such that they satisfy the new F6G service requirements. Our study categorizes the main networking paradigm of optical switching into two categories, namely ultra-fast and ultra-high capacity switching, tailored to different service categories. With regard to the transceiver physical layer, we propose (a) the use of all-optical processing to mitigate performance barriers of analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters (ADC/DAC) and (b) the exploitation of optical multi-band transmission, space division-multiplexing, and the adoption of more efficient modulation formats.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)758-815
Number of pages58
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • F6G
  • all-optical processing
  • capacity scaling
  • fixed networks
  • network services
  • optical networks
  • optical switching
  • optical transceivers
  • optical transmission
  • telecom industry


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