Introduction: Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA), a visual variant of Alzheimer's disease, initially manifests with higher-order visual disorders and parieto/temporo-occipital atrophy. Recent studies have shown remote functional impairment in both distant brain networks and along the calcarine sulcus (V1). Functional alteration in the calcarine differs along its length, reflecting center to periphery visual space differences. Herein, we aim to connect between these two sets of findings by looking at the retinotopic patterns of functional connectivity between large-scale brain networks and V1, comparing patients with normally sighted subjects. Methods: Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and T1 anatomical scans were obtained from 11 PCA patients and 17 age-matched healthy volunteers. Default mode network (DMN) and fronto parietal network (FPN) were defined and differences between the networks in patients and healthy controls were evaluated at the whole brain level, specifically their connectivity to V1. Results: Connectivity patterns within the DMN and the FPN were similar between the groups, although differences were found in regions within and beyond the networks. Focusing on V1, in the control group we identified the expected pattern of a distributed connectivity along eccentricity, with foveal regions showing stronger connectivity to the FPN and peripheral regions showing stronger connectivity to the DMN. However, in PCA patients we could not identify a clear difference in connectivity along the eccentricities. Conclusion: Lost specialization of function along the calcarine in PCA patients may have further implications on large-scale networks or vice versa. This impairment, distant from the core pathology, might explain patients' visual disabilities.
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