The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spillover infection in December 2019 has caused an unprecedented pandemic. SARS-CoV-2, as other coronaviruses, binds its target cells through the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Accordingly, this makes ACE2 research essential for understanding the zoonotic nature of coronaviruses and identifying novel drugs. Here we present a systematic analysis of the ACE2 conservation and co-evolution protein network across 1,671 eukaryotes, revealing an unexpected conservation pattern in specific metazoans, plants, fungi, and protists. We identified the co-evolved protein network and pinpointed a list of drugs that target this network by using data integration from different sources. Our computational analysis found widely used drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and vasodilators. These drugs are expected to perturb the ACE2 network affecting infectivity as well as the pathophysiology of the disease.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding was received from the Israel Science Foundation (grant agreement 1591/19 ), and the Israel Innovation Authority under the R&D Plans of Industrial Products for the Prevention and Treatment of the COVID-19 (grant agreement 70273 ). The graphical abstract was created by BioRender.com .
© 2020 The Authors
- Classification of Proteins
- Evolutionary Mechanisms