1. The D2-type dopamine receptors are thought to inhibit adenylyl cyclase (AC), via coupling to pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G proteins of the Gi family. We examined whether and to what extent the various D(2) receptors (D(2S), D(2L), D(3S), D(3L), and D4) couple to the PTX-insensitive G protein Gz, to produce inhibition of AC activity. 2. COS-7 cells were transiently transfected with the individual murine dopamine receptors alone, as well as together with the a subunit of Gz. PTX treatment was employed to inactivate endogenous αi, and coupling to Gi and Gz was estimated by measuring the inhibition of cAMP accumulation induced by quinpirole, in forskolin-stimulated cells. 3. D(2S) or D(2L) receptors can couple to the same extent to Gi and to Gz. The D4 dopamine receptor couples preferably to Gz, resulting in about 60% quinpirole-induced inhibition of cAMP accumulation. The D(3S) and D(3L) receptor isoforms couple slightly to Gz and result in 15 and 30% inhibition of cAMP accumulation, respectively. 4. We have demonstrated for the first time that the two D3 receptor isoforms, and not any of the other D2 receptor subtypes, also couple to Gs in both COS-7 and CHO transfected cells, in the presence of PTX. 5. Thus, the differential coupling of the D2 dopamine receptor subtypes to various G proteins may add another aspect to the diversity of dopamine receptor function.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the Irwin Green Research Fund in Neurosciences, the United States–Israel Binational Science Foundation (B.S.F.), and the Leo and Julia Forchheimer Center for Molecular Genetics at The Weizmann Institute of Science.
- Adenylyl cyclase
- D2 (D, D, D) dopamine receptor
- GTP-binding protein Gi
- GTP-binding protein Gs
- GTP-binding protein Gz