Adrenocorticotrophic hormone and dexamethasone failed to affect milk yield in dairy goats: Comparative aspects

A. Shamay, S. J. Mabjeesh, F. Shapiro, N. Silanikove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH; single i.v. injection of 2.5 IU/kg BW) and dexamethasone (single i.m. injection of 36 mg/kg BW) to affect milk production was studied in mid-lactating Israeli Saanen goats. None of these treatments produced changes in milk yield and composition of the goats. The effects of ACTH on blood cortisol levels, and the effects of ACTH and dexamethasone on blood plasma concentrations of glucose, however, were consistent with previous reports in goats and cows. These responses suggest that ACTH and dexamethasone treatments produced their expected glucocorticoid effects. It is suggested that obstructing the axis: Stress-ACTH-glucocorticoid-down regulation of milk yield, which was demonstrated in dairy cows, reflects the adaptation of goats to harsh conditions, and the selection pressure to produce milk under conditions which are considered stressful for other ruminants.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalSmall Ruminant Research
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACTH
  • Dairy goats
  • Dexamethasone
  • Milk yield
  • Stress

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