Advances in ocular allergy: basic mechanisms, clinical patterns and new therapies.

A. Solomon*, J. Pe'er, F. Levi-Schaffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Ocular allergy presents unsolved mysteries in molecular and cellular mechanisms, and at the same time continues to challenge ophthalmologists daily in a wide array of disease forms. The recent understanding of the key role of the T helper type 2 cytokines, adhesion molecules and chemokines may provide future avenues for pharmacological targeting of releasable inflammatory mediators. More potent topical mast cell stabilizers and H1 receptor antagonists have become commercially available for the management of the prevalent and benign forms of allergic conjunctivitis. Immunostimulatory DNA sequences present an innovative and promising route for the treatment of ocular allergy, but clinical studies are needed to demonstrate their efficacy in humans. Surgical methods are suggested to reconstruct the ocular surface in the sight-threatening diseases vernal keratoconjunctivitis and atopic keratoconjunctivitis. This review presents an update of the major advances in both the basic mechanisms and clinical and therapeutic aspects of ocular allergic diseases that were reported during the past year.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes


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