“Al-Raqqa, Namely Kalne” – Testimonies from the Cairo Geniza

Miriam Frenkel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article concerns the medieval history of the strategic city al-Raqqa, situated at the junction of the Balīkh and Euphrates Rivers. After an overview of the city’s middle Islamic history, gathered from Islamic textual sources and archaeological finds, it focuses on the city’s history during the fifth/eleventh century, which is also its most obscure period, on which the textual sources are silent and archaeological finds are scanty. Eleventh century al Raqqa is revealed through several documents from the Cairo Geniza, which tell the story of the al-Lādhiqī family, whose members occupied leadership positions in the local Jewish community and around. Through the saga of the al-Lādhiqīs, some light is shed on the dimorphic rule exercised by the Bedouin tribe of Banū Numayr on the city and on the local Jewish community and the ways it integrated in the city and in the wider network of Jewish communities.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)461-475
Number of pages15
JournalIslam - Zeitschrift fur Geschichte und Kultur des Islamischen Orients
Issue number2
StatePublished - 31 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 De Gruyter. All rights reserved.


  • Banū Numayr
  • Cairo Geniza
  • Fatimids
  • Manī' ibn Shabīb
  • al-Raqqa
  • the al-Lādhiqī family


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