Allelotype analysis in the evolution of chronic myelocytic leukemia

Naoki Mori*, Roberta Morosetti, Stephen Lee, Susanne Spira, Dina Ben-Yehuda, Gary Schiller, Raffaele Landolfi, Hideaki Mizoguchi, H. Phillip Koeffler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


To elucidate the genetic events that may play important roles in the progression of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML), we performed allelotype analysis in 30 patients with CML as the disease transformed to accelerated phase or blast crisis (21 myeloid and 9 lymphoid cases). DNAs were extracted from slides of bone marrow smears or from freshly isolated bone marrow mononuclear cells. The DNAs from the same individuals in both chronic phase and either blast crisis or accelerated phase were analyzed at 82 microsatellite markers, which mapped to each of the autosomal arms except the short arms of the acrocentric chromosomes. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on at least one locus was observed in 21 of the 30 cases (70%) as the disease progressed. Frequent allelic loss of ≤ 20% of the informative cases was observed on chromosome arms 1p (35%), 7p (21%), 19p(20%), and 20q (29%). Allelic losses were also analyzed according to phenotypes. LOH of ≤ 20% was detected on 1p (29%), 18p (20%), and 20q (27%) in myeloid blast crisis, and on 1p (50%), 4p (25%), 7p (43%), 9p (29%), 18q (25%), 19p (43%), and 20q (33%) in lymphoid blast crisis. Serial cytogenetic information was available for most of our cases with LOH on these arms, and only one case had loss of both chromosomes g and 20. Fractional allelic loss, calculated for each sample as the total number of chromosomal arms lost/total number of arms with information, showed a median value of 0.06 and a mean of 0.098 (range 0 to 0.60). These results suggest that tumor suppressor genes especially on 1p, 7p, 19p, and 20q probably have an important role in the progression to blast crisis of CML.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2010-2014
Number of pages5
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1997


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