Altruistic behavior in cohesive social groups: The role of target identifiability

Ilana Ritov*, Tehila Kogut

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


People’s tendency to be more generous toward identifiable victims than toward unidentifiable or statistical victims is known as the Identifiable Victim Effect. Recent research has called the generality of this effect into question, showing that in cross-national contexts, identifiability mostly affects willingness to help victims of one’s own “in-group.” Furthermore, in inter-group conflict situations, identifiability increased generosity toward a member of the adversary group, but decreased generosity toward a member of one’s own group. In the present research we examine the role of group-cohesiveness as an underlying factor accounting for these divergent findings. In particular, we examined novel groups generated in the lab, using the minimal group paradigm, as well as natural groups of students in regular exercise sections. Allocation decisions in dictator games revealed that a group’s cohesiveness affects generosity toward in-group and out-group recipients differently, depending on their identifiability. In particular, in cohesive groups the identification of an in-group recipient decreased, rather than increased generosity.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere0187903
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Ritov, Kogut. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Dive into the research topics of 'Altruistic behavior in cohesive social groups: The role of target identifiability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this