An interstitial nucleolus organizer region in the long arm of human chromosome 7: Cytogenetic characterization and familial segregation

M. Guttenbach, N. Nassar, W. Feichtinger, C. Steinlein, I. Nanda, G. Wanner, B. Kerem, Michael Schmid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

An unusual NOR-bearing chromosome 7 was detected in a phenotypically normal, healthy 29-year-old male proband. Differential banding techniques as well as in situ hybridization employing various DNA-probes were performed in order to characterize the chromosome in detail. The nucleolus organizer region was found to be located between bands 7q21.3 and 7q22.1. No further rearrangements were detected in this chromosome. Analysis of spontaneously occurring micronuclei revealed 9% of them to contain a 7q fragment distal to (or including) the inserted NOR, suggesting that the inserted secondary constriction represents a potential hot spot for chromosomal breakage and rearrangement. Segregation analysis of the variant chromosome 7 in 51 members of the probands' family showed transmission in a Mendelian fashion. 27 individuals were found to be heterozygous for the inserted chromosome. A three-year-old child in the consanguineous marriage of two heterozygous carriers exhibited the NOR-insertion in both of his chromosome 7 homologues. To our knowledge, this is the first report on a homozygous carrier of a non-acrocentric NOR-bearing chromosome.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)104-112
Number of pages9
JournalCytogenetics and Cell Genetics
Volume80
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

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