Anomalous elasticity and emergent dipole screening in three-dimensional amorphous solids

Harish Charan, Michael Moshe, Itamar Procaccia

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Abstract

In recent work, we developed a screening theory for describing the effect of plastic events in amorphous solids on its emergent mechanics. The suggested theory uncovered an anomalous mechanical response of amorphous solids where plastic events collectively induce distributed dipoles that are analogous to dislocations in crystalline solids. The theory was tested against various models of amorphous solids in two dimensions, including frictional and frictionless granular media and numerical models of amorphous glass. Here we extend our theory to screening in three-dimensional amorphous solids and predict the existence of anomalous mechanics similar to the one observed in two-dimensional systems. We conclude by interpreting the mechanical response as the formation of nontopological distributed dipoles that have no analog in the crystalline defects literature. Having in mind that the onset of dipole screening is reminiscent of Kosterlitz-Thouless and hexatic transitions, the finding of dipole screening in three dimensions is surprising.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number055005
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume107
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

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© 2023 American Physical Society.

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