Anti-Integrin αvβ6 Autoantibodies Are a Novel Biomarker That Antedate Ulcerative Colitis

CCC-GEM Project Research Consortium, OSCCAR Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Better biomarkers for prediction of ulcerative colitis (UC) development and prognostication are needed. Anti-integrin αvβ6 (anti-αvβ6) autoantibodies have been described in patients with UC. We tested for the presence of anti-αvβ6 antibodies in the preclinical phase of UC and studied their association with disease-related outcomes after diagnosis. Methods: Anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies were measured in 4 longitudinal serum samples collected from 82 subjects who later developed UC and 82 matched controls from a Department of Defense preclinical cohort (PREDICTS [Proteomic Evaluation and Discovery in an IBD Cohort of Tri-service Subjects]). In a distinct, external validation cohort (Crohn's and Colitis Canada Genetic Environmental Microbial project cohort), we tested 12 pre-UC subjects and 49 matched controls. Furthermore, anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies were measured in 2 incident UC cohorts (COMPASS [Comprehensive Care for the Recently Diagnosed IBD Patients], n = 55 and OSCCAR [Ocean State Crohn's and Colitis Area Registry], n = 104) and associations between anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies and UC-related outcomes were defined using Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies were significantly higher among individuals who developed UC compared with controls up to 10 years before diagnosis in PREDICTS. The anti-αvβ6 autoantibody seropositivity was 12.2% 10 years before diagnosis and increased to 52.4% at the time of diagnosis in subjects who developed UC compared with 2.7% in controls across the 4 time points. Anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies predicted UC development with an area under the curve of at least 0.8 up to 10 years before diagnosis. The presence of anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies in preclinical UC samples was validated in the GEM cohort. Finally, high anti-αvβ6 autoantibodies was associated with a composite of adverse UC outcomes, including hospitalization, disease extension, colectomy, systemic steroid use, and/or escalation to biologic therapy in recently diagnosed UC. Conclusions: Anti-integrin αvβ6 autoantibodies precede the clinical diagnosis of UC by up to 10 years and are associated with adverse UC-related outcomes.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)619-629
Number of pages11
JournalGastroenterology
Volume164
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 AGA Institute

Keywords

  • Anti-Integrin αvβ6
  • Autoantibodies
  • Biomarkers
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Ulcerative Colitis

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