In addition to their wide therapeutic application, benzoates and benzoic acid derivatives are the most commonly utilized food preservatives. The purpose of this study was to estimate the antioxidant, anti-diabetic, and anti-obesity activities of four 2-(phenylthio)-ethyl benzoate derivatives utilizing standard biomedical assays. The results revealed that the 2a compound has potent antidiabetic activity through the inhibition of α-amylase and α-glycosidase with IC50 doses of 3.57 ± 1.08 and 10.09 ± 0.70 µg/ml, respectively, compared with the positive control acarbose (IC50 = 6.47 and 44.79 µg/ml), respectively. In addition, by utilizing the β-carotene linoleic acid and DPPH methods, the 2a compound showed the highest antioxidant activity compared with positive controls. Moreover, the 2a compound showed potential anti-lipase activity with an IC50 dose of 107.95 ± 1.88 µg/ml compared to orlistat (IC50 = 25.01 ± 0.78 µg/ml). A molecular docking study was used to understand the interactions between four derivatives of (2-(phenylthio)-ethyl benzoate with α-amylase binding pocket. The present study concludes that the 2a compound could be exploited for further antidiabetic, antioxidant, and anti-obesity preclinical and clinical tests and design suitable pharmaceutical forms to treat these global health problems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the Faculty of Graduate Studies at An-Najah National University.
© 2022, The Author(s).
- Anti-Obesity Agents/pharmacology
- Benzoic Acid/pharmacology
- Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
- Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/pharmacology
- Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology
- Molecular Docking Simulation
- Molecular Structure
- Obesity/drug therapy
- Plant Extracts/pharmacology
- alpha-Amylases/antagonists & inhibitors