Antioxidant properties of amidothionophosphates: Novel antioxidant molecules

Oren Tirosh, Yehoshua Katzhendler, Yechezkel Barenholz, Isaac Ginsburg, Ron Kohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This work describes the synthesis and characterization of a new family of antioxidants. The molecules have the same active group, but different oil- to-water and octanol-to-water partition coefficients due to different substituents. Three new molecules were synthesized based on the chemical structure of the primary amide attached to a thiophosphate group forming an amidothionophosphate. The amidothionophosphate molecules were exposed to the oxidative stress of hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite, and the chemical changes following the exposure were monitored by 31P NMR. The reaction constants with the reactive oxygen species hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical were also calculated and found to be 1.5 x 109 M-1 s- 1 and 8.1 x 102 M-1 s-1, respectively. To elucidate the ability of amidothionophosphates to act as antioxidants in protecting lipids and proteins, we examined damage prevention in bovine serum albumin, egg phosphatidylcholine liposomes, and lipid emulsions following oxidative stress. Amidothionophosphate showed unique protection properties in these models. In contrast to other antioxidant molecules (ascorbic acid, cysteine, and α-tocopherol) the new group did not have any prooxidative effects as measured by oxygen consumption from buffer solutions containing amidothionophosphates and cupric sulfate as a source of redox-active metal ions. Amidothionophosphates reduced significantly and in a dose-dependent manner the oxidative burst in human neutrophils as measured by luminol- dependent chemiluminescence, and they also markedly depressed the killing of human fibroblasts by mixtures of glucose oxidase and streptolysin S. The toxicity of these molecules was tested by IP injection of doses up to 1000 mg/kg to white Sabra mice. No mortality was observed 30 d after administration of up to 500 mg/kg.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996


  • Amidothionophosphate
  • Antioxidants
  • Chemical shift
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Fluorescence
  • Free radicals
  • Neutrophils
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Thiourea


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