Application of biostimulant products and biological control agents in sustainable viticulture: A review

Keiji Jindo, Travis L. Goron, Paloma Pizarro-Tobías, Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Monedero, Yuki Audette, Ayodeji O. Deolu-Ajayi, Adrie van der Werf, Misghina Goitom Teklu, Moshe Shenker, Cláudia Pombo Sudré, Jader Galba Busato, Raúl Ochoa-Hueso, Marco Nocentini, Johan Rippen, Ricardo Aroca, Socorro Mesa, María J. Delgado, Germán Tortosa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Current and continuing climate change in the Anthropocene epoch requires sustainable agricultural practices. Additionally, due to changing consumer preferences, organic approaches to cultivation are gaining popularity. The global market for organic grapes, grape products, and wine is growing. Biostimulant and biocontrol products are often applied in organic vineyards and can reduce the synthetic fertilizer, pesticide, and fungicide requirements of a vineyard. Plant growth promotion following application is also observed under a variety of challenging conditions associated with global warming. This paper reviews different groups of biostimulants and their effects on viticulture, including microorganisms, protein hydrolysates, humic acids, pyrogenic materials, and seaweed extracts. Of special interest are biostimulants with utility in protecting plants against the effects of climate change, including drought and heat stress. While many beneficial effects have been reported following the application of these materials, most studies lack a mechanistic explanation, and important parameters are often undefined (e.g., soil characteristics and nutrient availability). We recommend an increased study of the underlying mechanisms of these products to enable the selection of proper biostimulants, application methods, and dosage in viticulture. A detailed understanding of processes dictating beneficial effects in vineyards following application may allow for biostimulants with increased efficacy, uptake, and sustainability.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number932311
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
StatePublished - 18 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
KJ wishes to acknowledge financial support (3710473400); MS-M thanks to RTI2018-099417-B-I00 (Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities cofunded with EU FEDER funds); JB wish to acknowledge the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico/Brasil (CNPQ process number 309477/2021-2); RO-H is supported by the Ramón y Cajal program from the MICINN (RYC-2017 22032), PAIDI 2020 (Ref. 20_00323), AEI GGOO 2020 (GOPC-CA-20-0001), “José Castillejo” program from the “Ministerio de Universidades” (CAS21/00125) and PID2019-106004RA-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033. SM and GT thanks to Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (grant PID2020-114330GB-100). PAIDI2020 from Junta de Andalucía, grant P18-RT-1401 to SM, MD, and GT is also acknowledged. GT acknowledge the support of the publication fee by the CSIC Open Access Publication Support Initiative through its Unit of Information Resources for Research (URICI).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Jindo, Goron, Pizarro-Tobías, Sánchez-Monedero, Audette, Deolu-Ajayi, van der Werf, Goitom Teklu, Shenker, Pombo Sudré, Busato, Ochoa-Hueso, Nocentini, Rippen, Aroca, Mesa, Delgado and Tortosa.


  • biological agents
  • biostimulants
  • grapevine
  • organic
  • vineyard
  • viticulture
  • wine


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