Are Listeners Perceived as Leaders?

Avraham N. Kluger, Keren Zaidel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Listening is known to strongly correlate with leadership perception. As leadership theories distinguish between people-oriented (consideration) and task-oriented (initiating structure) leaders, we sought to identify parallel listening behaviors: person-oriented listening versus fact-oriented listening. A survey of employees from multiple organizations (N = 238) suggested that both person-oriented listening and considerate leadership are better measured with subscales differentiating constructive and destructive listening and considerate and inconsiderate leadership. Second, results suggested that the highest correlations for each leadership scale were (a) leadership consideration with person-oriented listening (r =.71), (b) leadership inconsideration with destructive listening (r =.67), and (c) initiating-structure leadership with fact-oriented listening (r =.23). The pattern of relationships was further explored with a path analysis. Based on the data, it appears that measuring listening could benefit from using separate scales for constructive versus destructive listening, and that key aspects of leadership perception are highly correlated with listening behaviors.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Listening
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Recanati Fund at the School of Business Administration, Mr. Gideon Gartner, and The Israel Science Foundation (grant No. 145/12) to the first author. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Avraham N. Kluger, School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905 Israel. E-mail: [email protected]


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