Armies and their economic basis in Iran and the surrounding lands, c. 1000-1500

Reuven Amitai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This chapter investigates two main subjects: the Mongol army as first formed in the Inner Asian steppes, and the Mongol army in the post-Hulegu period. One salient theme in the military, political and social history of the eastern Islamic world of the late Middle Ages and early modern period is the alteration and even tension between nomadic and standing armies. With the advent of the Mongol period in Iran, one may encounter an army of Inner Asian origin, with both similarities and differences between it and the original Turcoman army of the Saljuqs. The Mongols introduced a larger scale of armies and fighting, and this in turn influenced at least some of their enemies who were one of their main adversaries in the Middle East in the period after 1260. The demands of the Mongol administration were quite onerous, and contributed in many places to a decline in the economy, agricultural and urban.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe New Cambridge History of Islam
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 3: The Eastern Islamic World Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781139056137
ISBN (Print)9780521850315
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2010.


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