Assessing land use plan implementation: Bridging the performance-conformance divide

Eran Feitelson*, Daniel Felsenstein, Eran Razin, Eliahu Stern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The assessment of land use plan implementation is a contentious issue. The debate centers on whether the crucial evaluation element is conformance of development to plan directives or alternatively, plan performance, i.e. the degree to which the plan is actually used. An analytic framework combining both conformance and performance in the evaluation of (regional) land use plans is applied to the case of the Central District Plan in Israel. Qualitative and quantitative simulation methods are exploited. Qualitative analysis reveals that both performance and conformance are greater than indicated by non-contextualized, numeric evaluations. Additionally, high conformance does not necessarily imply good plan performance. Quantitative simulation suggests that plan performance with respect to land values and densities is initially pronounced as expectations for development are subdued but subsequently tends to wane merging with the counterfactual trend. Findings imply that plan assessment needs to consider the transaction costs of land use re-designation and actors’ perceptions of the probability that plan amendments will be approved. These perceptions differ across actors as a function of the political influence that they wield.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)251-264
Number of pages14
JournalLand Use Policy
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd


  • Israel
  • Land use planning
  • Plan implementation evaluation
  • Regional planning


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