Authoritarianism, perceived threat and exclusionism on the eve of the Disengagement: Evidence from Gaza

Daphna Canetti*, Eran Halperin, Stevan E. Hobfoll, Oren Shapira, Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Major political events such as terrorist attacks and forced relocation of citizens may have an immediate effect on attitudes towards ethnic minorities associated with these events. The psychological process that leads to political exclusionism of minority groups was examined using a field study among Israeli settlers in Gaza days prior to the Disengagement Plan adopted by the Israeli government on June 6, 2004 and enacted in August 2005. Lending credence to integrated threat theory and to theory on authoritarianism, our analyses show that the positive effect of religiosity on political exclusionism results from the two-staged mediation of authoritarianism and perceived threat. We conclude that religiosity fosters authoritarianism, which in turn tends to move people towards exclusionism both directly and through the mediation of perceived threat.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)463-474
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by grants from the Ohio Board of Regents and the National Institute of Mental Health (RO1MH073687) to the first and third authors. The opinions expressed in the paper are the authors’ and not those of NIMH. Many people have read and commented on earlier drafts of this paper. We are particularly grateful to Jonathan Cohen, John Duckitt, Cas Mudde, Yariv Tsfati, and Israel Waismel-Manor. We owe a special thanks to Brian J. Hall for his advice on preparing the datasets. Finally, we thank the two anonymous referees for their helpful comments.

Keywords

  • Authoritarianism
  • Exclusionism
  • Perceived threat
  • Terrorist attacks

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