Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: Analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000

Catalina Lopez-Quintero, Ronny Shtarkshall, Yehuda D. Neumark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were analyzed to explore barriers to HIV testing, and intentions to be tested among a nationally representative sample (n = 4,261) of the different Hispanic subgroups living in the United States. Weighted proportions and variances accounting for the complex sample design of the NHIS were estimated using the Taylor series linearization method. Regression estimates are expressed as odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. Two thirds of sampled Hispanics had never been tested for HIV (excluding blood donations) and 88% expressed no intention to do so in the near future. Many of the factors that influence the likelihood of having been tested in the past also impact on future HIV testing intentions including age, Hispanic subgroup, high-risk status, and self-perceived HIV risk. Compared to Puerto Ricans, Mexicans (odds ratio [OR] = 1.59, 1.1-2.3) and Mexican/Americans (OR = 1.61, 1.1-2.3) were more likely to never have been tested and Cubans were notably more likely to report negative future testing intentions (OR = 5.63, 2.5-12.8). Among Hispanics who reported high-risk status or high/medium self-perceived HIV risk, more than one quarter had never undergone testing and expressed no intention of doing so in the near future. Recognition of the HIV testing barriers identified in this study is valuable for the development and refinement of current strategies that aim to increase HIV testing practices in the heterogeneous U.S. Hispanic population.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)672-683
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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