Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two bariatric procedures on abdominal lipid partitioning and metabolic response. Methods: Fifty-one patients (RYGB 31(11 M/20 F); (SG) 20(8 M/12 F)) who met the criteria of metabolic syndrome before the operation were followed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat depots were assessed by CT before, 6 months, and 12 months following the operation. Results: Patients undergoing both procedures did not differ in baseline body mass index (BMI) (42.84 ± 4.65 vs. 41.70 ± 4.68 kg/m2) or abdominal lipid depots. BMI at 12 months post-op was similar (29.44 ± 3.35 vs 30.86 ± 4.31 kg/m2 for RYGB and SG, respectively). Both procedures led to a significant reduction in visceral and subcutaneous fat at 6 months (p < 0.001 for both). The visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio was comparable at 6 months vs. baseline yet was lower at 12 months vs. baseline for both procedures (p < 0.01). In patients who lost the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, baseline visceral/subcutaneous fat was the only predictor of recovery (p < 0.005). No difference was detected between procedures in dynamics of abdominal fat depots or remission of cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: RYGB and SG induce a similar effect on abdominal fat mobilization. The metabolic effects in individual patients are mostly determined by their baseline abdominal lipid partitioning.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments The study was funded by the Chief Scientist of the Israel Ministry of Health (RW and AK) and by the Stephen Morse Diabetes research Fund (RW). RW and AK took part in the study design, clinical care, data acquisition, and analysis and writing of the manuscript. All other authors took part in clinical care, data acquisition, and analysis and writing of the manuscript. The guarantor of this work is RW.
© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
- Bariatric surgery
- Metabolic syndrome
- Subcutaneous fat
- Visceral fat