Behavioral adaptations to crowding disturbance: Evidence from nature reserves in Israel

Larisa Fleishman, Eran Feitelson, Ilan Salomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Crowding in natural settings such as nature reserves may lead to both long-and short-term spatial and temporal behavioral adjustments. This study analyzes the short-term coping process as a function of the crowding disturbance in two popular nature reserves in Israel. Using binary and multinomial choice models, a direct robust connection between the crowding disturbance and a hierarchical set of behavioral responses was found. People less sensitive to crowding tried to avoid or reduce the length of the contact by changing pace. More sensitive visitors may change route. Finally, visitors most sensitive to crowding may terminate their visit altogether.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)37-52
Number of pages16
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Coping behavior
  • Crowding disturbance
  • Displacement
  • Nature reserves
  • Recreation


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