Boosting margin based distance functions for clustering

Tomer Hertz*, Aharon Bar-Hillel, Daphna Weinshall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of graph based clustering methods critically depends on the quality of the distance function used to compute similarities between pairs of neighboring nodes. In this paper we learn distance functions by training binary classifiers with margins. The classifiers are defined over the product space of pairs of points and are trained to distinguish whether two points come from the same class or not. The signed margin is used as the distance value. Our main contribution is a distance learning method (DistBoost), which combines boosting hypotheses over the product space with a weak learner based on partitioning the original feature space. Each weak hypothesis is a Gaussian mixture model computed using a semi-supervised constrained EM algorithm, which is trained using both unlabeled and labeled data. We also consider SVM and decision trees boosting as margin based classifiers in the product space. We experimentally compare the margin based distance functions with other existing metric learning methods, and with existing techniques for the direct incorporation of constraints into various clustering algorithms. Clustering performance is measured on some benchmark databases from the UCI repository, a sample from the MNIST database, and a data set of color images of animals. In most cases the DistBoost algorithm significantly and robustly outperformed its competitors.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings, Twenty-First International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2004
EditorsR. Greiner, D. Schuurmans
Pages393-400
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2004
EventProceedings, Twenty-First International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2004 - Banff, Alta, Canada
Duration: 4 Jul 20048 Jul 2004

Publication series

NameProceedings, Twenty-First International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2004

Conference

ConferenceProceedings, Twenty-First International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2004
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityBanff, Alta
Period4/07/048/07/04

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