Brief report: Early adolescents' value development at war time

Ella Daniel*, Keren Fortuna, Sophia K. Thrun, Shaylee Cioban, Ariel Knafo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Values are considered relatively stable individual characteristics, and there is little research to date on the conditions that underlie value-priorities change. This small-scale short-term longitudinal study tested whether a major life event of war changes the priority that early adolescents assign to values. Thirty-nine Israeli adolescents completed the Schwartz Values Survey on four occasions-at the beginning, middle, and end of the 2006 Israeli-Lebanese war during which their hometown was bombed. As hypothesized, anxiety-based values of tradition, power, and security increased in importance, while conformity values decreased in importance. Anxiety-free values of benevolence, universalism, self-direction, stimulation, and hedonism decreased in importance. Achievement values decreased and then increased in importance. Despite methodological limitations, the findings demonstrate that value development, at least during early adolescence, can take place rather quickly under circumstances of major traumatic events such as war.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)651-655
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Early adolescence
  • Value development
  • Values
  • War

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