Building Porous Ni(Salen)-Based Catalysts from Waste Styrofoam via Autocatalytic Coupling Chemistry for Heterogeneous Oxidation with Molecular Oxygen

Shuocheng Wan, Qingyang Zou, Jiawen Zhu, Huimin Luo, Yuqiang Li, Raed Abu-Reziq, Juntao Tang*, Ruiren Tang, Chunyue Pan, Chunyan Zhang, Guipeng Yu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of robust and industrially viable catalysts from plastic waste is of great significance, and the facile construction of high performance heterogeneous catalyst systems for phenol–quinone conversions remains a grand challenge. Herein, a feasible strategy is demonstrated to reclaim Styrofoam into hierarchically porous nickel–salen–loaded hypercrosslinked polystyrene (PS@Ni–salen) catalysts with high activities through an unusual autocatalytic coupling route. The salen is immobilized onto PS chain by Friedel–Crafts alkylation of benzyl chloride derivatives, and the generated hydrogen chloride coordinately promotes the simultaneous crosslinking and bridge formation between aromatic rings via a Scholl coupling route, leading to hierarchically porous networks. After the metallization with Ni, the resultant networks exhibit high catalytic activity for the oxidation of 2,3,6-trimethylphenol to 2,3,5-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone under mild conditions (303 K, 1 bar of O2). This catalyst also demonstrates attractive recycling performance without an obvious loss of catalytic efficiency over five consecutive cycles. This methodology might provide a potential sustainable alternative to construct environmentally benign and cost-effective catalysts for specific organic transformation.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2300340
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
Volume44
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • cooperative reactions
  • heterogeneous catalysts
  • nickel–salen
  • oxidation
  • porous organic polymers

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