c-Abl neutralizes the inhibitory effect of Mdm2 on p53

Ronit Vogt Sionov, Eli Moallem, Michael Berger, Anat Kazaz, Offer Gerlitz, Yinon Ben-Neriah, Moshe Oren, Ygal Haupt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Upon exposure to stress signals, the p53 tumor suppressor protein is stabilized and induces growth suppression, p53 activities are efficiently inhibited by the Mdm2 oncoprotein through an autoregulatory feedback loop. In addition, Mdm2 promotes p53 degradation, thereby terminating its growth inhibitory signal. Hence, p53 exerts its effects during the interval between p53 activation and the subsequent inhibition by Mdm2. Modulation of this interval by regulatory proteins may determine the extent and duration of p53 activity. Recent studies have shown that the c-Abl protein-tyrosine kinase binds p53 and enhances its transcriptional activity. Here we provide an explanation for the cooperation between these proteins. We demonstrate that c-Abl increases the expression level of the p53 protein. The enhanced expression is achieved by inhibiting Mdm2-mediated degradation of p53. This provides a likely mechanistic explanation for the findings that c-Abl overcomes the inhibitory effects of Mdm2 on p53-mediated transcriptional activation and apoptosis. These results suggest that c-Abl modulates the time window within which p53 remains active. The ability of c-Abl to neutralize the inhibitory effects of Mdm2 on p53 may be important for its growth inhibitory function.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8371-8374
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Mar 1999

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