Cadomian basement and Paleozoic to Triassic siliciclastics of the Taurides (Karacahisar dome, south-central Turkey): Paleogeographic constraints from U-Pb-Hf in zircons

Avishai Abbo*, Dov Avigad, Axel Gerdes, Talip Güngör

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Tauride block in Turkey is a peri-Gondwana, Cadomian-type terrane that rifted from the Afro-Arabian margin of Gondwana in the Permo-Triassic and re-accreted to Arabia in the Neogene. In the Karacahisar dome in the southern-central Taurides, Neoproterozoic basement metasediments and intrusive rocks are overlain by Cambro-Ordovician, Carboniferous and Triassic sediments. We studied U-Pb-Hf in zircons from major rock units exposed in Karacahisar in order to constrain the Cadomian crustal evolution of the Taurides, to evaluate the provenance of the Neoproterozoic and overlying sediments, to constrain the paleogeography of the Taurides, and to assess their linkage to Gondwana.The Neoproterozoic metasediments are low-grade metamorphic wacke-type turbidites that evolved in a broad back-arc basin peripheral to Afro-Arabia. Their detrital zircon U-Pb signal comprises a preponderance (40-68%) of Neoproterozoic-aged zircons (peak ages defined at 635 and 830. Ma), indicating that the sedimentary pile was built mainly from the erosion of Pan-African terranes from Afro-Arabia. The εHf values of the younger population (635. Ma) are mostly positive, indicating derivation from a juvenile arc, whereas Cryogenian-Tonian detrital zircons spread vertically (- 25. <. εHf. <. 15), indicating a different provenance where mixing of juvenile magmas with Paleoproterozoic to Neoarchean crust was widespread.An unusually high proportion of pre-Neoproterozoic zircons is found in all Cadomian metasediments, including up to 31% Grenvillian-aged (ca. 1.0. Ga) and up to 35% of ca. 2.5. Ga zircons; about a third of the latter possess positive εHf values. Because only minor exposures of 1.0 and 2.5. Ga crustal vestiges are currently known in North Africa and Arabia, we infer that pre-Neoproterozoic terranes were dispersed within the Cadomian realm itself.The youngest detrital zircons in all Cadomian metasediments concentrate at 0.58. Ga, indicating that the proto-Cadomian back-arc basin was formed towards the Late Ediacaran. The termination of Neoproterozoic sedimentation is marked by the intrusion of dyke swarms yielding a U-Pb zircon age of 544 ± 4. Ma, coeval with magmatism in other Cadomian basement units in the Taurides (e.g., Sandikli and Menderes massif). Shortly afterwards the Tauride basement was overstepped by the Cambro-Ordovician platform.From the Cambrian to the Triassic, the U-Pb-Hf detrital zircon signal of the cover sediments in the Taurides in Karacahisar portrays remarkable resemblance to that of typical North Gondwana Cambro-Ordovician cover sediments, and shows that the Taurides accreted to Afro-Arabia by the onset of the Cambrian. The short time interval between Cadomian basin fill and deposition of the Cambrian platform implies that the Taurides evolved within a short distance from their present position relative to the Afro-Arabian margin of Gondwana. The Gondwana provenance of the Tauride sedimentary cover is maintained through the Upper Triassic, indicating that Neo-Tethys rifting was incipient at that time, allowing Afro-Arabian detritals to reach the Taurides.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)122-139
Number of pages18
JournalLithos
Volume227
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Cadomian terranes
  • Lu/Hf isotopes
  • Neoproterozoic
  • Peri-Gondwana
  • Tauride block
  • Zircon U-Pb

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