Can mindfulness facilitate posttraumatic growth in breast cancer patients? The mediating role of illness perceptions and positive emotions

Rawan Dahabre*, Gabriella Bentley, Paula Poikonen-Saksela, Ketti Mazzocco, Berta Sousa, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current observational study aimed to examine the relationship between mindfulness and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among patients with breast cancer. Additionally, it explores the mediating role of illness perceptions and positive emotions. A total of 697 women with breast cancer were recruited from four clinical sites as part of the Bounce project in Finland, Portugal, Italy, and Israel. The study measures were mindfulness (MAAS), illness perceptions (IPQ), positive affect (PANAS), and post-traumatic growth (PTGI) at three time points: near the time of diagnosis, 6 months, and 12 months post-diagnosis. A higher level of mindfulness was associated with perceptions of the illness as less chronic. Specifically, the perception of a limited timeline of breast cancer was associated with positive emotions, thus leading to enhanced PTG. Emphasis should be placed on promoting mindfulness, elaborating on illness perceptions, and maintaining positive affect as part of clinical interventions for PTG among breast cancer patients.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)438-451
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume29
Issue number5
Early online date5 Feb 2024
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 5 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • mediation
  • mindfulness
  • posttraumatic growth
  • timeline perception

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