Can Yoga Overcome Criminality? The Impact of Yoga on Recidivism in Israeli Prisons

Shaked Kovalsky, Badi Hasisi, Noam Haviv, Ety Elisha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In recent years, yoga practices have been integrated into informal education programs of the Israel Prison Service (IPS), given rise to innovative criminological theories such as positive criminology that emphasize the development of offenders’ strengths by facilitating rehabilitation and reintegration processes. The purpose of the present study was to examine the correlation between yoga practice and recidivism among released prisoners who participated in yoga programs during their incarceration in comparison with a matched control group of those who did not participate in yoga programs over a follow-up period of 5 years. To examine the effectiveness of the program, propensity-score matching was used to compile the comparison group from among all convicted prisoners who were released from the Israeli prisons. Study results indicate that yoga may impact recidivism, supported by a finding of lower recidivism rates among released prisoners who had practiced yoga during their incarceration, compared with the matched control group. However, further study is needed including randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In light of these positive results, we recommend policy makers consider introducing alternative practices such as yoga in prisons, in recognition of its contribution to the rehabilitation process through the development of personal and social strengths.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)671-691
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number6-7
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • positive criminology
  • prison
  • prisoners
  • rehabilitation
  • spirituality
  • yoga


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