Canaanite reḥob: Tel reḥov in the late Bronze age

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Abstract

Tel Reḥov, identified with Reḥob, was one of the largest Canaanite cities in the southern Levant during the Late Bronze Age (15th–13th centuries b.c.e.). Unlike many other Canaanite settlements, the city was founded in the 15th century after a hiatus beginning in Early Bronze Age III. In this article, four major Late Bronze Age occupation strata are described. Notable is a monumental structure dated to the 14th century b.c.e. with unusual architectural features that could be either the residence of a high-ranking family or an administrative building. During the 13th century b.c.e., this building was replaced by a new structure containing a metalsmith’s workshop, inspired by Egyptian 19th Dynasty techniques, while later building phases belong to the final stages of the Late Bronze Age. No destruction layers were found, and the Late Bronze Age city was rebuilt and continued to thrive throughout the Iron Age I. Five Late Bronze Age plaque figurines, some of particular interest, are also described. An appendix discusses a rare funerary scarab of an Egyptian high official found in the 14th-century b.c.e. edifice.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)163-191
Number of pages29
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Volume381
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Schools of Oriental Research.

Keywords

  • Canaan
  • Canaanites
  • Late Bronze Age
  • Metallurgy
  • Plaque figurines
  • Reḥob
  • Scarabs
  • Southern Levant
  • Tel Reḥov

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