The first part of this chapter analyzes the main developments in candidate selection methods, focusing on the levels of inclusiveness of the selectorates-the bodies selecting the candidates. The selectorate may be highly exclusive (e.g., a single leader or a nominating committee composed of a few party leaders and/or apparatchiks); moderately inclusive (a party agency whose members were selected by a larger group of party members); or highly inclusive (party members or even party supporters). The analysis identifies a seemingly transient decline in the participatory aspect of party democracy, expressed by the adoption of more exclusive selectorates; a clear trend of the largest parties to avoid selection by party agencies, preferring either more exclusive selectorates (e.g., the party leader) or more inclusive ones (party members); a widening of the range of the selectorates used by the largest parties, extending from the extremely exclusive, composed of a single leader, to the highly inclusive selectorate of party members; and a tendency to entrust a single selectorate with candidate selection rather than involving several in the selection process.
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© 2008 by Taylor and Francis.