Cannabidiol-induced lymphopenia does not involve NKT and NK cells

Bogna Ignatowska-Jankowska*, M. Jankowski, W. Glac, A. H. Swiergiel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major non-psychoactive compound of cannabis plant, cannabidiol, has been reported to be a promising therapeutic agent for many inflammatory, autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases. In spite of growing interest in therapeutic use of cannabidiol very little is known about its influence on the immune system. Present study aimed to evaluate lymphocyte subsets distribution in peripheral blood after repeated, systemic administration of cannabidiol. Adult male Wistar rats received intraperitoneal injections of vehicle or cannabidiol at dose of 2.5 or 5 mg/kg/day, for 14 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected one hour after the last injection. Three-color immunofluorescent antibody staining procedure (CD3-FITC/CD45RA-PC7/CD161A-APC and CD3-FITC/CD4-PC7/CD8-APC) was used for determination of T, B, NK, NKT, T helper, and T cytotoxic lymphocyte subsets. Total leukocyte number and percentage numbers of leukocyte subpopulations were also assessed. Administration of cannabidiol at dose of 5 mg/kg caused a significant decrease in total leukocyte number and a significant fall in total numbers of T, B, and both T helper and T cytotoxic lymphocyte subsets. This immunosuppressive effect did not affect the total numbers of NK and NKT cells that are responsible for the primary, nonspecific antiviral and antitumor immune response. In contrast, administration of cannabidiol at dose of 2.5 mg/kg increased the total and percentage NKT cells numbers, and the percentage number of NK cells. The results suggest that repeated treatment with cannabidiol inhibits specific immunity by reduction of T, B, T cytotoxic, and T helper cell numbers, and may enhance nonspecific antiviral and antitumor immune response related to NK and NKT cells.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume60
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cannabidiol
  • Immunity
  • Lymphocyte subsets
  • Lymphopenia
  • NK cells
  • Nonspecific immune response
  • Peripheral blood
  • Rat

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cannabidiol-induced lymphopenia does not involve NKT and NK cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this