Cannabigerol Prevents Quorum Sensing and Biofilm Formation of Vibrio harveyi

Muna Aqawi*, Ruth Gallily, Ronit Vogt Sionov, Batya Zaks, Michael Friedman, Doron Steinberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid naturally present in trace amounts in the Cannabis plant. So far, CBG has been shown to exert diverse activities in eukaryotes. However, much less is known about its effects on prokaryotes. In this study, we investigated the potential role of CBG as an anti-biofilm and anti-quorum sensing agent against Vibrio harveyi. Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell communication system among bacteria that involves small signaling molecules called autoinducers, enabling bacteria to sense the surrounding environment. The autoinducers cause alterations in gene expression and induce bioluminescence, pigment production, motility and biofilm formation. The effect of CBG was tested on V. harveyi grown under planktonic and biofilm conditions. CBG reduced the QS-regulated bioluminescence and biofilm formation of V. harveyi at concentrations not affecting the planktonic bacterial growth. CBG also reduced the motility of V. harveyi in a dose-dependent manner. We further observed that CBG increased LuxO expression and activity, with a concomitant 80% downregulation of the LuxR gene. Exogenous addition of autoinducers could not overcome the QS-inhibitory effect of CBG, suggesting that CBG interferes with the transmission of the autoinducer signals. In conclusion, our study shows that CBG is a potential anti-biofilm agent via inhibition of the QS cascade.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number858
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 May 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Aqawi, Gallily, Sionov, Zaks, Friedman and Steinberg.

Keywords

  • Vibrio harveyi
  • biofilm
  • bioluminescence
  • cannabinoids
  • motility
  • quorum sensing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cannabigerol Prevents Quorum Sensing and Biofilm Formation of Vibrio harveyi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this