Capital assistance for small firms: Some implications for regional economic welfare

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the role of finance capital in regional economic development. A cost-benefit approach is invoked in order to estimate the welfare impacts of a regional loan and guarantee program for small firms in Israel. Program-created employment is treated as a benefit and an employment account that separates net from gross employment, is presented. An estimate of net wage benefits is then derived. This involves adjusting wages across different earnings classes in order to account for the variation in opportunity costs of labor at different levels. The estimation of costs includes the opportunity costs of capital, administration, default, and tax-raising costs. Results point to substantial regional welfare effects. We stress the need to account for changing regional economic structure in this kind of evaluation framework.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)36-49
Number of pages14
JournalGeographical Analysis
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

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