Case-cohort analysis with semiparametric transformation models

Yi Hau Chen*, David M. Zucker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Semiparametric transformation models provide flexible regression models for survival analysis, including the Cox proportional hazards and the proportional odds models as special cases. We consider the application of semiparametric transformation models in case-cohort studies, where the covariate data are observed only on cases and on a subcohort randomly sampled from the full cohort. We first propose an approximate profile likelihood approach with full-cohort data, which amounts to the pseudo-partial likelihood approach of Zucker [2005. A pseudo-partial likelihood method for semiparametric survival regression with covariate errors. J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 100, 1264-1277]. Simulation results show that our proposal is almost as efficient as the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator. We then extend this approach to the case-cohort design, applying the Horvitz-Thompson weighting method to the estimating equations from the approximated profile likelihood. Two levels of weights can be utilized to achieve unbiasedness and to gain efficiency. The resulting estimator has a closed-form asymptotic covariance matrix, and is found in simulations to be substantially more efficient than the estimator based on martingale estimating equations. The extension to left-truncated data will be discussed. We illustrate the proposed method on data from a cardiovascular risk factor study conducted in Taiwan.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3706-3717
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2009


  • Linear transformation model
  • Survival analysis
  • Weighted estimating equation


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