Catalytic polymer-clay composite for enhanced removal and degradation of diazinon

Itamar A. Shabtai, Yael G. Mishael*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is well established that organophosphate pesticides, such as diazinon, pose environmental and health risks. Diazinon is prone to rapid acidic hydrolysis, forming the less toxic compound 2-isopropyl-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol (IMP). In this study, diazinon surface catalyzed hydrolysis was achieved by its adsorption to a composite, based on protonated poly (4-vinyl-pyridine-co-styrene) (HPVPcoS) and montmorillonite (MMT) clay. The adsorption affinity and kinetics of diazinon to HPVPcoS-MMT were significantly higher than those obtained to the deprotonated PVPcoS-MMT, emphasizing the importance of hydrogen bonding. Correspondingly, diazinon filtration by HPVPcoS-MMT columns was highly efficient (100% for 100 pore volumes), while filtration by columns of PVPcoS-MMT or granular activated carbon (GAC) reached only 55% and 85%, respectively. Regeneration of HPVPcoS-MMT by pH increase was demonstrated and sorbent reuse was successful, whereas regeneration and reuse of GAC and PVPcoS-MMT were inefficient. Proton transfer from HPVPcos-MMT to diazinon, investigated by FTIR analysis, supports the suggested mechanism of surface catalyzed hydrolysis. These findings demonstrate the applicability of such bi-functional sorbents, to adsorb and degrade pollutants, for efficient water treatment.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume335
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Diazinon
  • Filtration
  • Organophosphate
  • Polymer-clay composite

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